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Hemorrhoids: Effective Methods for Diagnosis and Therapy

Hemorrhoids, commonly known as anal varicose veins, are a health problem affecting a significant portion of the population. Despite the prevalence of the ailment, many people still feel embarrassed discussing the subject, which can delay diagnosis and treatment. In this post, we will discuss how to recognize the symptoms of hemorrhoids and the latest effective treatments.hemoroidy


Diagnosis of Hemorrhoids: Hemorrhoids are dilated, venous blood vessels that can appear inside or outside the anal canal. The most common symptoms are pain, itching, discomfort in the anal area, and bleeding, especially during bowel movements. If you have these symptoms, it’s important to consult your doctor, who can perform a proctological examination and, if necessary, recommend further tests, such as an anoscopy or colonoscopy, to rule out other conditions.

Hemorrhoids-Conservative Treatment Methods:

In treating hemorrhoids, lifestyle and dietary changes are key. It is recommended to eat fiber-rich foods and drink plenty of fluids, which facilitates bowel movements and reduces pressure on the hemorrhoids. Avoiding prolonged sitting and lifting heavy objects is also important. Symptomatic treatment includes ointments, creams or suppositories containing anti-inflammatory and anesthetic ingredients to relieve pain and itching.

Minimally Invasive Treatments: When lifestyle changes and conservative treatment do not work, minimally invasive treatments come into play. Among the most popular are sclerotherapy, which is the injection of a substance that causes the varicose veins to shrink; ligation of hemorrhoids with rubber bands that cause them to die; and cryotherapy, which is freezing the hemorrhoids with low temperatures.

Surgical Treatment Methods: In extreme cases, when other methods fail, surgical intervention may be necessary. Hemorrhoidectomy, or surgical removal of hemorrhoids, is considered effective, but is reserved for the most severe cases because of the longer recovery period and possible complications. Also innovative is transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD), which involves ligation of the blood vessels supplying the hemorrhoids, leading to a reduction in their size and pain relief.

Hemorrhoids are a problem that can and should be dealt with. It is important not to ignore the symptoms and seek medical advice as soon as possible. Remember that early diagnosis and proper treatment can prevent